Over 20 000 metric tonnes of pork are consumed every month in South Africa. That’s a lot, it goes to show you how huge the demand for pork is. South Africa is a net importer of pork (more pork imports than exports), which means  it’s not self sufficient in terms of pork production. Starting a pig farming business in South Africa is a profitable venture.  A piggery business has certain exclusive considerations to adhere to which is why this article is so important. So if you’ve ever considered to venture into piggery farming business, then this article is for you. This article will outline how to start a pig farming business in South Africa, and the pig farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Before you start a commercial pig farming business in South Africa, there are some important decisions which you have to make. You have to decide on the size of your pig production business ie how many pigs you will have at your piggery farm.  Location of your piggery business, and your target market, are the other important decisions to make. The size of your piggery farming business will depend on the amount of capital you have, and your target market. Piggery farming business is capital intensive, but with a lot of potential when it comes to scaling. It’s important that you get a good piggery farming business plan before you start commercial piggery farming business in South Africa.

Land for Pig Farming Business

The location of the pig farming business is an important decision to make. Proximity to major road networks is necessary for easy access to your pig farm and to the market. Your piggery farm should have reliable water supply that can be used for both human and animal consumption. Water is so important because pigs need lots of it. Your land should be large enough to accommodate the number of pigsty you require for your piggery farming business. The piggery farming business requires a gentle sloppy site with well-draining soils (e.g. loamy soils) to enable easy flow of effluence.

Housing and Equipment for Pigs

Pigs need proper and adequate housing. The are several issues to take into consideration when it comes to pig housing. Pigs require different housing owing to their different needs at various stages of growth and reproduction. Thus you can’t place all your pigs in one housing. Piglets must be closely guarded against hypothermia and hyperthermia (caused by low and high temperatures respectively) – this is central to getting them to grow to their utmost potential. In the construction of pig housing, ensure that the housing protects pigs against adverse conditions such as extreme temperatures, violent winds and incessant rains. An allowance for adequate spacing to allow free movement of the pigs is essential. Feeding and water troughs are the required equipment for a piggery farming business.  Your commercial pig farming business plan should include the costs of purchasing equipment and piggery housing.

Breeding stock for pig production business

To start your pig farming business in South Africa, you need breeding stock i.e. boars and sows (which are males and females respectively). These are the parents pigs which will mate to produce the piglets (pigs offspring). You will then raise the piglets and sell them. When buying these it’s important to get them from reputable and professional suppliers. Getting good quality boars and sows plays a pivotal role in producing pigs with high growth potential and good quality pork.

You need one boar for every 15-20 sows. A sow can produce as many as 9-11 piglets from 1 pregnancy – and it can get pregnant 2 times per year. The pregnancy of a sow lasts 114 days i.e. 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days. All these proportional variables are what will inform how many boars and sows you’ll purchase in light of your intended scale of production. Your pig farming budgets should include the costs of purchasing the pigs parent stock.

Feed for the pigs

Feeds always tend to be the biggest cost in animal husbandry and so is the case with piggery farming. The pigs must be given the correct kind and amount of feed at each stage of growth and reproduction. Correct and adequate feeding ensure efficient reproduction, fast growth of piglets, better feed conversion ratio, and good quality pork after slaughter. All those factors lead to increased profits for your piggery farming business. Don’t use shortcuts in the feeding regime of pigs because at the end of the day they must meet the target slaughter weights for you to be profitable. Pigs are fed with commercial piggery feeds and supplementary feeds/home made feeds. Supplementary feeds for pigs consists mainly of grains eg maize, wheat.

MANAGEMENT AND LABOUR FOR A PIGGERY FARM

Mostly depends on the scale of production but tends to need consistently available hands. There are quite a number of routine tasks that need to be regularly done in the care of pigs. There is need for pig keepers who will be responsible for feeding the pigs,  training the boars, arranging the mating of pigs,  cleaning and disinfecting the pig housings, washing the pigs, monitoring the health of the pigs  and other duties. There may also be need for a dedicated finance and marketing team, depending on the size of your piggery business. Your piggery business plan should take into account the salary costs for all your employees.

Market

As indicated in the opening remarks of this article, the market is abundantly available, since South Africa ends up importing pork from other countries. The is high demand of pork in South Africa, in excess of 250 000 tonnes per year. About 55% of the pork produced in South Africa is processed into ready-to-eat products, sausages, fillets, chops and bacon. The remaining 45% is for the fresh market where it’s bought for consumption. You can supply your pigs/pork to Abattoirs , hotels, restaurants, retailers, butcheries, meat processors and individuals. The pigs can be slaughtered between the ages of 4 months to 6 months. The variations in slaughter age will depend on whether you want to sell the pigs as porkers or baconers.

pork production in south africa

Slaughter pig carcasses

PRE-WRITTEN PIG FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL): COMPREHENSIVE VERSION, SHORT FUNDING/BANK LOAN VERSION AND AUTOMATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For an in-depth analysis of the pig farming business in South Africa, purchase our piggery farming business plan. We decided to introduce the business plans after noting that many South Africans were venturing into the pig production business without a full understanding of the industry, market, how to run the business, the risks involved, profitability of the business and the costs involved, leading to a high failure rate of their businesses.

Our business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run a pig production business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as the piggery business plan will lay out all the costs involved in setting up and running the piggery farming business. The business plan is designed specifically for the South African market.

USES OF THE PIGGERY BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL)

The pig production business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your pig farming business
  • As a pig farming project proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the pig farming business in South Africa
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

CONTENTS OF THE COMMERCIAL PIG FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL)

The business plan includes, but not limited to:

  • Market Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • 5 Year Automated Financial Statements [ Income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, monthly cash flow projections (3 years monthly cash flow projections, the remaining two years annually),break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortisation]
  • Marketing Strategy
  • Risk Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements
  • Pig farming guide (Technical Details of how to breed, feed and raise the pigs)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some South Africans in the pig production business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your pig farming business in South Africa
  • Directory [Contact Details for South African suppliers of feeds, equipment, breeding stock, Pig Abattoirs, contacts of pig farming training companies in South Africa, contacts of pig farming organisations in South Africa]

The Piggery Business Plan package consist of 5 files

  1. Pig Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive – 92 pages)
  2. Pig Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive – 92 pages)
  3. Pig Farming Business Plan Funding Version – Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan – 44 pages)
  4. Pig Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel file)
  5. Pig Abattoirs in South Africa -Supplementary PDF File

The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of pigs, price of pork per KG etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change. 

GET THE PIG FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL) – R400 Only.

We decided to make the business plan affordable to anyone who would want to start the business, and the price for the pre-written business plan is only 400 Rands.

We have several payment methods which you can use.

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If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once using Visa Card/MasterCard then  click here: Business Plans Store

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on sales@bizbolts.co.za and we will assist you.

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Click Buy Now below to purchase. After you have purchased, you will instantly see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. We will also email you the download link. Get instant access to the business plan now!

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once using Instant EFT then  click here: Business Plans Store

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on sales@bizbolts.co.za and we will assist you.

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