Onions are one of the most used ingredients when it comes to cooking for virtually every household in South Africa.  The onion farming business is a very profitable venture to start in South Africa. You can’t talk about cooking in South Africa without the onion. The demand is incessantly high as onions are daily needed for incorporation into things like stews, soups, salads, amongst many others.  Onion farming business is a business that’s characterised by very high profits margins. This article will outline how to start an onion farming business in South Africa, and the onion farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Before you start the onion farming business, there are some important decisions which you have to make. You have to decide on the size of your onion production business ie how many hectares of onions you will farm.  There are many different onion varieties, so you have to select which one you will farm, the season you are going to carry out your onion farming, and your target market. The size of your bulb onion farming business will depend on the size of land you have, the amount of capital you have, and your target market. It’s important that you have a good onion production business plan before you venture into this business. Note that the onions are also called bulb onions due to their shape.

Land for Onion Farming Business

Land is a primary requirement and must be suitable for onions farming. To be profitable in the onion farming business, you should reap as much yield as possible. When it comes to crop farming, soil fertility is of utmost importance. The use of decayed leaves, compost or animal manure as organic matter is highly recommended to increase the soil fertility.  The soil should have good aeration, and should not contain toxic materials. The soil should also have good water holding capacities. Onions can grow on a wide array of soil textures depending on the variety of the onions. Fertile sandy loam soils are usually the best for onion farming. Also take note of the soil pH – it should be between 5.0 and 6.8.

Machinery & Equipment for Onion Farming Business

You will need different kinds of machinery and equipment for your bulb onion horticulture business. The land will need to be prepared and that will require varying levels of mechanisation. Small tracts of land might be prepared with hand-held implements without any problems. In some areas such as rural areas the use of animal drawn implements can come in handy. However, for much bigger onion farming businesses, there’ll be need for machinery & equipment such as tractors, fertilizer spreaders, sprayers, diggers, harvesters, irrigation hardware, ridgers, amongst many others. You might not necessarily have to purchase all this equipment; most of it you can simply hire. The other needs will have to do with power generation as some of the operations such as irrigation will need power. You can incorporate the use of fuel-powered pumps also or leveraging on solar energy. You’ll also need to have to stand-by generators to cushion yourself against lengthy power outages. Your bulb onion farming business plan should cater for the costs of purchasing or hiring machinery and equipment.

Onion Farming Inputs

Obviously onion seeds are needed and there are many different types available. The 3 broad types of onions are short day, intermediate day and long day varieties. Short day and intermediate day onion varieties are the ones which are most suitable for South Africa. The major factors that’ll determine your choice of onion seeds type are seed availability, yield capacity, time to maturity, season, resistance to diseases and your intended market’s preferences. You can start your onion farming business by purchasing seeds, or alternatively you can just buy seedlings which are ready for transplanting from a nursery. Ensure that you buy onion seeds from certified and reputable suppliers. Bulb onions varieties/cultivars used in South Africa include Granex types, Hojem, Pyramid, Texas Grano, Caledon Globe, Radium and Starke Ayres. The choice of cultivars is based on fruit quality adaptability and reliability, susceptibility to diseases and pests, plant growth habit, the specific market and the onion planting season.

Fertilizers are required to ensure soil fertility and augment bulb onions growth. For effective growth, onions require plant nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. These nutrients should be provided via fertilisers and manure to promote growth of the onions.  Herbicides for effective weed control are important when carrying out onion farming, and you can use herbicides like Metribuzine, Pyrinex 480EC, Ronstar depending on the type of weeds at your onion farm. Fungicides and insecticides are essential  for protection of your bulb onion plants against insects and fungi. The chemicals you can use include Dimethoate EC, Malathion EC, Dedevap EC, Carbaryl, Nematicides  just to mention a few.

The costs of acquiring all these inputs should be included in your onion farming budgets.

Labour for Onion Farming Business

When doing onion farming business, you will need to hire part time farm workers as and when necessary. Part-time labourers will be required because there’s a lot of seasonal work to be done. Some of the activities will include seed planting, transplanting, applying fertilizers, ploughing, harvesting, amongst several others. The part time farm workers should be paid according to the number of days worked so as to cut costs.  You also require supervisors, farm manager, finance & accounting staff, and logistics staff depending on the scale of your onion farming business. The wages and salaries of your workers should be included in your onion farming business plan.

Market

There is a large local demand for onions in South Africa, with about 600 000 tonnes being sold per year in South Africa, and some of the excess being exported. Most of the onions are produced for domestic consumption. Onions are widely used in cooking. They add flavour to dishes such as stew, soup and salads. The customers for onions include individuals, caterers, restaurants, food processors, supermarkets, national fresh produce markets etc.

Bulb Onion Farming Business Plan PDF

Bulb Onions

PRE-WRITTEN ONION FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL): COMPREHENSIVE VERSION, SHORT FUNDING/BANK LOAN VERSION AND AUTOMATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For an in-depth analysis of the onion farming business in South Africa, purchase our bulb onion farming business plan. We decided to introduce the business plans after noting that many South Africans were venturing into the onions production business without a full understanding of the industry, market, how to run the business, the risks involved, profitability of the business and the costs involved, leading to a high failure rate of their businesses.

Our business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run a onion production business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as the bulb onion production business plan will lay out all the costs involved in setting up and running the onion farming business. The business plan is designed specifically for the South African market.

USES OF THE ONION PRODUCTION BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL)

The onion production business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your onion farming business
  • As a onion farming project proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the onion farming business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

CONTENTS OF THE ONION FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL)

The business plan includes, but not limited to:

  • Market Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • 5 Year Automated Financial Statements [ Income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, monthly cash flow projections (3 years monthly cash flow projections, the remaining two years annually),break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortisation]
  • Marketing Strategy
  • Risk Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements
  • Onions farming guide (Technical Details of how to plant, grow and harvest the onions)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some South Africans in the onion production business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your onion farming business in South Africa
  • Directory [Contact Details for South African suppliers of inputs (seeds, fertilisers, equipment etc) and contacts of onion farming training companies in South Africa]

The Onion Farming Business Plan package consist of 4 files

  1. Onion Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive – 89 pages)
  2. Onion Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive – 89 pages)
  3. Onion Farming Business Plan Funding Version – Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan – 43 pages)
  4. Onion Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel file)

The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of hectares, onion price per KG etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change. 

GET THE ONION FARMING BUSINESS PLAN (PDF, WORD AND EXCEL) - R400 Only.

We decided to make the business plan affordable to anyone who would want to start the business, and the price for the pre-written business plan is only 400 Rand.

We have several payment methods which you can use.

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onion farming business plan

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The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on sales@bizbolts.co.za and we will assist you.

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Click Buy Now below to purchase. After you have purchased, you will instantly see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. We will also email you the download link. Get instant access to the business plan now!

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once using Instant EFT then  click here: Business Plans Store

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on sales@bizbolts.co.za and we will assist you.

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